OATH - initiative for open authentication | All users, all devices, all networks.
Ok, this one creeps me out a bit... they really, REALLY, REALLY want to make sure the user who is connected to whatever little box really is who they say they are. This project seems to want to build the backend to the REAL ID act of 2005.
Aside from my personal aversion, they are a STRONG IDENTITY project. You would have one set of keys to the kingdom, that would open everything. One ring to rule them all.